The Three Areas Encompassed by a Nonverbal Learning Disability

1. Motor

  • Difference between dominant and non-dominant sides of body
  • Avoiding crossing midline
  • Hesitating to explore with movement
  • Vascillating extremely in balance
  • Does not automatically resume balance
  • Riding a bike takes years to learn
  • Difficulty remaining seated in chair
  • Preferring to eat and work on the floor
  • Not mastering simple athletic skills
  • Difficulty with fine motor skills
  • Resists eating with a spoon or fork
  • Difficulty learning to tie shoes
  • Talking self through motor tasks
  • Difficulty using scissors
  • Difficulty holding a pencil correctly
  • Pressing deeply to control writing

2. Visual-Spatial-Organizational

  • Difficulty with spatial perceptions and spatial relations
  • Difficulty with recognition and organization of visual-spatial information
  • Difficulty with visual memory and visualization
  • Continuous dialogue
  • Labeling everything verbally
  • Not forming visual images or able to revisualize
  • Not interested in building or construction toys
  • Difficulty placing written responses
  • Using counting, labeling, recounting
  • Preferring predictable situations
  • Difficulty remembering shapes
  • Difficulty remembering sequence
  • Writing slow and arduously
  • Difficulty copying from chalkboard

3. Social

  • Labeled “annoying” or “attention seeking”
  • Blunders socially incessantly
  • Missing non verbal social cues
  • Not recognizing faces
  • Not interpreting gestures
  • Not recognizing facial expressions
  • Not noticing changes in voice
  • No changing in expression or tone of voice
  • Responding with terse or curt responses
  • Translating literally
  • Continually misjudging and misinterpreting social circumstances
  • Trusting naively
  • Not understanding deceit, cunning or manipulation
  • Taking everyone at face value
  • Often regarded as “rude” or ill-mannered

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